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中國度量衡

[複製鏈接]
leeys 發表於 2017-4-18 15:26:01 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式

管理員|主題 |帖子 |積分 8228


https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%E5%BA%A6%E9%87%8F%E8%A1%A1
度量衡是傳統上對計量長度、容量、重量單位的統稱。度代表長度,量代表容量,衡則代表重量。現代對度量衡的廣泛定義為任何表示物理量(如溫度時間)的單位

目錄  [[url=]隱藏[/url]]



歷代度量衡制演變簡表[編輯]度[編輯]

漢尺=約23.1cm




「唐尺」一寸,約等於3.7公分



度制
時代
單位換算
公制換算(公分cm)
1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1尺 = 16.95, 1寸 =1.58
1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1尺 =19.1,1寸 = 1.58。楚國一尺 =22.7
戰國1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 231, 1尺 = 23.1, 1寸 =2.31, 1分 = 0.231;1銅尺 =23
1引 = 10丈, 1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1引 = 2310, 1丈 = 231, 1尺 = 23.1, 1寸 = 2.31, 1分 = 0.231
1引 = 10丈, 1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1引 = 2310, 1丈 = 231, 1尺 = 23.1, 1寸 = 2.31, 1分 = 0.231;一牙尺 = 23.3,王莽一貨幣尺 = 23.1;後漢一銅尺 = 23.6
三國1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 242, 1尺 = 24.2, 1寸 = 2.42, 1分 = 0.242;
西晉1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 242, 1尺 = 24.5, 1寸 = 2.42, 1分 = 0.242
東晉十六國1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 245, 1尺 = 24.5, 1寸 = 2.45, 1分 = 0.245;十六國前後趙一尺 =24.3,南齊一骨尺 =24.7,南梁一銅尺 =24.95
南北朝1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分南朝:1丈 = 245, 1尺 = 24.5, 1寸 = 2.45, 1分 = 0.245

北朝:1丈 = 296, 1尺 = 29.6, 1寸 = 2.96, 1分 = 0.296;一中尺 =27.9,王尺=26.7,後尺=34.75;西魏周王室用王尺,東魏北齊王室用後尺民間一尺=24.95
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 296, 1尺 = 29.6, 1寸 = 2.96, 1分 = 0.296;一水尺 = 27.4.
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分小尺:1丈 = 300, 1尺 = 30, 1寸 = 3, 1分 = 0.3

大尺:1丈 = 360, 1尺 = 36, 1寸 = 3.6, 1分 = 0.36;宗廟星曆用尺一尺 = 24.75
五代十國1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 300, 1尺 = 30, 1寸 = 3, 1分 = 0.3
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分1丈 = 312, 1尺 = 31.2, 1寸 = 3.12, 1分 = 0.312
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分裁衣尺:1尺 = 34, 1寸 = 3.4
量地尺:1尺 = 32.7, 1寸 = 3.27
營造尺:1尺 = 32, 1寸 = 3.2
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分裁衣尺:1丈 = 355, 1尺 = 35.5, 1寸 = 3.55
量地尺:1丈 = 345, 1尺 = 34.5, 1寸 = 3.45
營造尺:1丈 = 320, 1尺 = 32, 1寸 = 3.2
  • 營造尺庫平制:1里 = 18引 = 180丈 = 360步 = 1800尺 = 1,8000寸 = 18,0000分 = 180,0000釐 = 1800,0000毫 = 576米
  • 市制:1里 = 15引 = 150丈 = 1500尺 = 1,5000寸 = 15,0000分 = 150,0000釐 = 1500,0000毫 = 500米








長度單位
量[編輯]

兩詔銅方升,秦朝頒行的標準量器,兩側刻有始皇二十六年和秦二世元年詔文。



量制
時代
單位換算
公制換算(毫升mL)
戰國齊:1鍾 = 10釜, 1釜 = 4區, 1區 = 4豆, 1豆 = 4升
楚:1筲 = 5升
秦:1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升
三晉(韓、趙、魏):1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升1斛 = 20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200;商鞅變法1方升= 201
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合, 1合 = 2龠, 1龠 = 5撮, 1撮 = 4圭1斛 = 20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200, 1合 = 20, 1龠 = 10, 1撮 = 2, 1圭 = 0.5
三國兩晉1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合1斛 = 20450, 1斗 = 2045, 1升 = 204.5, 1合 = 20.45
南北朝1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合1斛 = 30000, 1斗 = 3000, 1升 = 300, 1合 = 30
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合開皇:1斛 = 60000, 1斗 = 6000, 1升 = 600, 1合 = 60
大業:1斛 = 20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200, 1合 = 20
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合大:1斛 = 60000, 1斗 = 6000, 1升 = 600, 1合 = 60
小:1斛 = 20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200, 1合 = 20
1 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合1 = 67000,1斛 = 33500, 1斗 = 6700, 1升 = 670,1合 = 67
1 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合1 = 95000,1斛 = 47500, 1斗 = 9500, 1升 = 950,1合 = 95
1 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合1 = 100000,1斛 = 50000, 1斗 = 10000, 1升 = 1000,1合 = 100
  • 營造尺庫平制:1石 = 2斛 = 10斗 = 100升 = 1000合 = 1,0000勺 = 3160立方寸 = 103.54688公升
  • 市制:1市石(dàn) = 10市斗 = 100市升 = 1000市合(gě) = 1,0000勺 = 10,0000撮 = 100公升








容積單位
衡[編輯]

衡制
時代
單位換算
公制換算(公克g)
戰國楚:1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖
趙:1 = 120斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖
魏:1鎰 = 10釿,1釿 = 20兩
秦:1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖
1斤 = 250,1兩 = 15.6,1銖 = 0.65
1石 = 30000,1斤 = 250,1兩 = 15.6,1銖 = 0.65
1鎰 = 315,1釿 = 31.5
1石 = 30360,1鈞 = 7590,1斤 = 253,1兩 = 15.8,1銖 = 0.66
1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖1石 = 30360,1鈞 = 7590,1斤 = 253,1兩 = 15.8,1銖 = 0.66
1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖西漢:1石 = 29760,1鈞 = 7440,1斤 = 248,1兩 = 15.5,1銖 = 0.65
東漢:1石 = 26400,1鈞 = 6600,1斤 = 220,1兩 = 13.8,1銖 = 0.57
三國1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖1石 = 26400,1鈞 = 6600,1斤 = 220,1兩 = 13.8,1銖 = 0.57
兩晉1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖1石 = 26400,1鈞 = 6600,1斤 = 220,1兩 = 13.8,1銖 = 0.57
南北朝1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖南齊:1斤 = 330,梁、陳:1斤 = 220;
北魏、北齊:1斤 = 440,北周:1斤 = 660
1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 24銖大:1石 = 79320,1鈞 = 19830,1斤 = 661,1兩 = 41.3
小:1石 = 26400,1鈞 = 6600,1斤 = 220,1兩 = 13.8
1石 = 4鈞,1鈞 = 30斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 10錢,1錢 = 10分1石 = 79320,1斤 = 661,1兩 = 41.3,1錢 = 4.13,1分 = 0.41
1石 = 120斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 10錢,1錢 = 10分1石 = 75960,1斤 = 633,1兩 = 40,1錢 = 4,1分 = 0.4
1石 = 120斤,1斤 = 16兩,1兩 = 10錢,1錢 = 10分1石 = 70800,1斤 = 590,1兩 = 36.9,1錢 = 3.69,1分 = 0.37
  • 營造尺庫平制:1斤 = 16兩 = 160錢 = 1600分 = 1,6000釐 = 16,0000毫 = 596.816克
  • 市制:1斤 = 16兩 = 160錢 = 1600分 = 1,6000釐 = 16,0000毫 = 160,0000絲 = 500克








質量單位
面積[編輯]

滿洲國大同三年時憲書p49度量衡



  • 營造尺庫平制:1頃 = 100畝 = 1000分 = 1,0000釐 = 10,0000毫 = 60,0000方尺 = 6,1440平方米
  • 市制:1頃 = 100畝 = 1000分 = 1,0000釐 = 10,0000毫 = 60,0000平方尺 = 66666 2⁄3 平方米

滿洲國大同三年時憲書p49度量衡表.jpg
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